Here we have precisely everything you need to know about our Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Read full article to get to know it all.
Modi is the first Prime Minister of India who was born in ‘Independent India’, that is, post-August 15, 1947. He is also the first Indian prime minister whose mother was alive when he took office. He holds the record of winning a Lok Sabha seat by the highest margin (about 5.70 lakhs; Vadodara).
Narendra Modi is the current Prime Minister of India. He represents Varanasi constituency in the Lok Sabha. He is the most prominent leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He is considered a master strategist for his party. He has been the Chief Minister of Gujarat for four consecutive terms. Let’s take a look at his Biography.
Narendra Modi Biography
|Full Name||Narendra Damodardas Modi|
|Height(approx)||In centimetres: 170 cm|
In metres: 1.70 cm
In feet&inches: 5’7″
|DOB||17 September, 1950|
|Age (as in 2022)||72 years|
|Birth place||Vadnagar, Bombay State (Now Gujarat), India|
|Hometown||Vadnagar, Gujarat, India|
|School||Higher Secondary School, Vadnagar, Gujarat|
|College/University||*Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat|
*University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
|Educational Qualifications||*SSC exam from Gujarat Board in 1967|
*BA in Political Science(a Distance-education course from Delhi University)
*MA in Political Science from Gujarat University in 1983
|Caste||OBC (Modh Ghanchi)|
|Address (permanent)||C-1, Someshwar Tenament, Ranip, Ahmedabad-382480, Gujarat|
|Address (official)||7, Lok Kalyan Marg (earlier called 7 Race Course Road), New Delhi|
|Parents||Father- Late Damodardas Mulchand Modi (died of Bone Cancer in 1989)|
Mother- Heeraben Damodardas Modi
Soma (76 years)- Retired Officer of Health Department
Amrut Modi (73 years)- A Lathe Machine Operator
Prahlad (63 years)- Runs a shop in Ahmedabad
Pankaj (58 years)- Clerk in the Information Department in Gandhinagar
Vasantiben Hasmukhlal Modi
|Hobbies||Doing Yoga, Reading|
|Car Collection||He doesn’t have any car registered on his name|
|Marriage Date||Year 1968|
|Wife/Spouse||Jashodaben Chimanlal Modi|
|Politician(s)||Syama Prasad Mukherjee, Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Leader(s)||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda|
|Song(s)||*”Jyoti Kalash Chhalke” from the film Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan(1961)|
*”O Pawan Veg Se Udne Wale Ghode” from the film Jai Chitod(1961)
Narendra Modi: Early Life, Family and Background
Narendra Damodardas Modi was born to a family of grocers in a town called Vadnagar in Mehsana district of Gujarat. He was born on 17 September, 1950 to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Heeraben Modi. The couple had six children among which Narendra Modi was the third eldest.
Modi completed his studies against all odds. His saga of struggle began when as a teenager, he, along with his brother, used to run a tea stall near a railway station in Ahmedabad. He did his schooling from Vadnagar and obtained a master’s degree in Political Science from Gujarat University. One of his school teachers described him as an average student but a brilliant debater. During his college days, he worked as a ‘pracharak’ (promoter) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He left home at the age of 17 years and travelled across the country for the next two years.
At a later stage, during the 1990s, when Modi served as the official spokesperson of the BJP in New Delhi, he completed a three-month long course in the US on public relations and image management.
One of his brothers, Somabhai, is a retired health officer who now runs an old age home in the city of Ahmedabad. Another of his brothers Prahlad, an activist on behalf of fair-price shop owners, has his own fair-price shop in Ahmedabad. His third brother Pankaj is employed with the Information Department in Gandhinagar.
Narendra Modi: Political Career
Narendra Modi always had the utmost zeal and enthusiasm to serve and help the people in need. As a young boy, Narendra Modi offered his services voluntarily to the soldiers at the railway stations during the Indo-Pak war in 1965. He also served affected people during the 1967 Gujarat floods.
Modi started working in the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation’s staff canteen. Eventually from there he became a full-time proponent and campaigner, commonly called a ‘pracharak’, of the RSS. Modi later underwent training at the RSS camp in Nagpur. It is a prerequisite for any RSS member to take up the training course for holding any official position in the Sangh Parivar. Narendra Modi was given charge of the student wing, which is better known as Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP). His contribution to the Anti-emergency movement impressed senior political leaders. As a result of this, he was eventually appointed the regional organiser of the newly-formed Bharatiya Janata Party in Gujarat.
Narendra Modi was an efficient organiser from a very young age. During the Emergency, he arranged for covert circulation of RSS pamphlets and also organised protests against the Emergency rule. During his RSS days, he met the two Jan Sangh leaders, Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda, who later founded the state unit of BJP in Gujarat. In 1987, the RSS deputed Narendra Modi to politics by recommending his candidature in the BJP. Modi’s efficiency was recognised and he rose to prominence after managing the Ekta Yatra for Murli Manohar Joshi.
Political Journey of Narendra Modi
- Became the General Secretary of the BJP’s Gujarat unit in 1988.
- Recognised as a key strategist for being instrumental in successfully campaigning for the party in the 1995 and 1998 Gujarat Assembly elections, which made the BJP the ruling party in Gujarat.
- Successfully organised two challenging events on national level: the Somnath to Ayodhya Rath Yatra, which was a long march by L. K. Advani and a march from Kanyakumari (southern tip of India) to Kashmir (the northern tip) undertaken by Murli Manohar Joshi. These two events are considered to have contributed in bringing the BJP to power in 1998.
- In 1995, Narendra Modi was appointed as the Secretary of the BJP’s national unit.
- Narendra Modi was credited for having successfully carried out the responsibility of revamping the party organisation in different states.
- In 1998, Narendra Modi was promoted as General Secretary and held the position till October 2001.
- Narendra Modi became the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat for the first time in October 2001 when his predecessor Keshubhai Patel resigned from the post following the defeat of BJP in by-elections.
- After winning the Gujarat Assembly elections three consecutive times and holding the position of the state’s chief minister, Modi contested the 2014 Lok Sabha elections for the first time. He won the elections by a grand margin and became the Prime Minister of India following the win.
Schemes Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (for financial inclusion)
- Swachch Bharat Mission (for clean public places and better sanitation facilities)
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (provision of LPG to families living BPL)
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (efficiency in irrigation)
- Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (insurance against crop failure)
- Pahal (LPG subsidy)
- Mudra Bank Yojana (banking services for Medium and Small Enterprises)
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (to provide skill training to the young workforce)
- Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (to strengthen rural infrastructure)
- Make in India (to boost the manufacturing sector)
- Garib Kalyan Yojana (address welfare needs of the poor)
- E-basta (online learning forum)
- Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (financial empowerment of the girl child)
- Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat (to enhance children’s reading, writing and mathematical skills)
- DDU-Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (vocational training to the rural youth as part of ‘Skill India’ mission)
- Nayi Manzil Yojana (skills based training to Madrasa students)
- Stand Up India (support to women and SC/ST entrepreneurs)
- Atal Pension Scheme (pension scheme for unorganised sector employees)
- Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (insurance against accident)
- Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (life insurance)
- Sagar Mala Project (for developing port infrastructure)
- Smart Cities Project (building urban infrastructure)
- Rurban Mission (modern facilities in villages)
- Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (affordable housing for all)
- Jan Aushadhi Scheme (provision for affordable medicines)
- Digital India (for a digitally equipped nation and economy)
- Digilocker (securing documents online)
- School Nursery Yojana (afforestation program by and for young citizens)
- Gold Monetisation Scheme (involve gold stocks lying idle in households in the economy)
Narendra Modi’s Tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat
As the chief minister of Gujarat, Modi had promoted the state as ‘Vibrant Gujarat’ claiming that it had made rapid progress in terms of infrastructural development and economic growth. However, some critics also point out poverty, malnutrition and lack of proper education in the state. As per the statistics, the state ranked 14th in terms of poverty as on September, 2013 and 18th in terms of literacy rate in 2014. On the other hand, the state officials claim that the state outperformed other states in terms of women’s education. Moreover, the school drop-out rates and the maternal mortality rates declined. Gujarat is also one of the states that does not suffer from the problem of land mafia.
Contrary to the claims made by the state officials, Christophe Jaffrelot, a political scientist said that the development in the state was limited only to the urban middle class. The rural people and those belonging to the lower castes were neglected by the government. According to Jaffrelot, under Modi’s governance there had been an increase in the number of people living below poverty line. At the same time, the tribal and the Dalit communities were treated as subalterns. Other critics, including noted economist Amartya Sen, are also of the same view.
First Term (2001 to 2002)
- On 7 October 2001, Narendra Modi was appointed as the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat.
- He was given the responsibility of preparing the party for December 2002 elections.
- As Chief Minister, Modi laid emphasis on privatisation of small governmental institutions.
- 2002 Gujarat violence:27 February saw a major incident of communal violence, resulting in the slaughter of 58 people, when a train carrying hundreds of passengers, mostly Hindu pilgrims, was set ablaze near Godhra. This incident resulted in anti-Muslim violence, which engulfed almost the entire Gujarat within no time. The estimated death toll ranged between 900 and 2,000. The Gujarat government led by Narendra Modi imposed curfews in several cities of the state to prevent escalation of violence. Human rights organisations, media and opposition parties accused the Modi government of taking inappropriate and insufficient steps to curb the violence. A Special Investigation Team (SIT) was appointed by the Supreme Court in April 2009 to inquire into the role played by the government and Modi. The SIT submitted a report to the court in December, 2010 stating that it did not find any evidence against Modi. However, the SIT was accused of concealing evidence in July, 2013.
- Consequently, pressure mounted on the BJP with different opposition parties and allies demanding resignation of Modi from the CM’s post. But the subsequent elections resulted in BJP winning complete majority by clinching 127 out of 182 seats.
Second Term (2002 to 2007)
- Modi laid stress on economic development of Gujarat, which resulted in the state emerging as an investment destination.
- He instituted technology and financial parks in the state.
- The Vibrant Gujarat Summit in 2007 saw real estate investment deals worth Rs 6,600 billion signed in Gujarat.
- In July 2007, Modi completed 2,063 consecutive days as Chief Minister of Gujarat, creating a record of holding the post of CM of Gujarat for most number of days.
Third Term (2007 to 2012)
- In later years, the state substantially improved its agricultural output, mainly due to projects related to improvement of supply of groundwater in places like Kachchh, Saurashtra and other northern parts of the state. Efforts were also made to increase the use of micro-irrigation and providing farms with efficient power supply.
- Development projects in the field of infrastructure saw construction of 5,00,000 structures in 2008, out of which 1,13,738 were check dams. In 2010, 60 out of the 112 tehsils regained normal groundwater level. This resulted in increased production of genetically modified Bt cotton. The agriculture growth rate in Gujarat increased to 9.6 per cent during 2001- 2007 and Compound Annual Growth Rate in Gujarat for the decade 2001- 2010 reached 10.97 per cent, which was highest among all states of India.
- A radical change in the system of power supply to rural areas helped flourish agriculture.
- Sadbhavana Mission or Goodwill Mission was organised by Modi in late 2011 and early 2012 to reach out to the Muslim community in the state. Modi observed a series of fasts and believed that this step would “further strengthen Gujarat’s environment of peace, unity and harmony.”
Fourth Term (2012 to 2014)
- Modi got elected from the constituency of Maninagar after winning by a huge margin.
Narendra Modi: Awards and Recognition
- In a survey conducted by India Today Magazine, he was named as the best Chief Minister in the country in 2007.
- In 2009, FDI magazine honoured Narendra Modi the Asian Winner of the ‘fDi Personality of the Year’award.
- In TIME’s Asian edition of March 2012, he was featured in the cover page.
- On Forbes magazine’s list of the ‘World’s Most Powerful People’ in 2014, he ranked at 15.
- In 2014, 2015 and 2017, he was listed among ‘Time 100 most influential people in the world’ by Time magazine.
- In 2014, he was awarded Indian of the Year by CNN-IBN news network.
- Time Magazine in 2015 released ’30 most influential people on the internet’list and he was named as the second most-followed politician on Twitter and Facebook.
- In 2015, Modi was ranked the 13th-Most-Influential Person in the World by Bloomberg Markets Magazine.
- In 2015, he was ranked fifth on Fortune Magazine’s first annual list of the “World’s Greatest Leaders”.
- In 2016, a wax statue of Modi was unveiled at Madame Tussaud Wax Museum in London.
- In 2016 PM Narendra Modi was conferred with the Amir Amanullah Khan Award, the highest civilian honour of Afghanistan.
- In April 2016, he was conferred with the Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honour ‘King Abdulaziz Sash’ by King Salman bin Abdulaziz.
- In 2017, the Gallup International Association (GIA) conducted a poll and ranked Modi as third top leader of the world.
- According to 2018 statistics he is the third most followed head of the state on Twitter and the topmost followed world leader on Facebook and Instagram.
- He ranked 9th in Forbes World’s Most Powerful People list 2018.
- In October 2018, Narendra Modi received UN’s highest environmental award, the ‘Champions of the Earth’ for policy leadership by “pioneering works in championing” the International Solar Alliance and “new areas of levels of cooperation on environmental action”.
- He was conferred with the Seoul Peace Prize in 2018 for improving international cooperation, raising global economic growth, accelerating the Human Development of the people of India by fostering the economic growth etc. Do you know he is the first Indian to win this award?
- On 10 February, he was honoured with Grand Collar of the State of Palestine; the highest civilian honour of Palestine for foreign dignitaries.
- The first Philip Kotler presidential Award is also received by Narendra Modi in 2019.
- In January 2019, PM Narendra Modi, a biographic film starring Vivek Oberoi is going to released soon.
- On 4 April, 2019, UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Al Nahyan has conferred on Indian PM Narendra Modi, the Zayed Medal, the highest decoration awarded to kings, presidents and heads of the states. He received the honour in appreciation of his efforts in maintaining strategic ties with UAE.
“My struggle is to bring ‘life’ in ‘file’.” – Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi: Net Worth
|Net Worth (as in 2022)||$0.4 Million|
|Net Worth In Indian Rupees||3.07 Crore INR|
|Cash Balance (As per June 2020 PMO Report)||Rs. 31,450|
|Bank Balance 2022||Rs. 3,38,173|
|Fix Deposit||Rs. 1,86,28,939|
|Gold||Rs. 1.5 lakh|
|NSC 2022||Rs 8,90,000|
|Life Insurance Policy||Rs 1,50,957|
|L&T infrastructure bonds||Rs 20000|
Books on Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi- A Political Biography
Narendra Modi- A Political Biography’ by Andy Marino attempts to provide a clear picture of Narendra Modi, the man and his politics. It enables the readers to get a better understanding of Modi’s ways of governance. The book analyses the contrasting perspectives on the Gujarat model of governance. Andy Marino takes us through Modi’s journey of life from childhood to a young man who went on to become India’s Prime Minister.
Centrestage: Inside the Narendra Modi Model of Governance
Uday Mahurkar’s ‘Centrestage: Inside the Narendra Modi Model of Governance’ gives a balanced and impersonal judgment of Modi’s mantra of governance. Mahurkar not only talks about Modi’s visionary schemes but also talks about issues on which Modi could have paid more attention and performed better. The book explains how Modi transformed Gujarat during his tenure and analyses the salient features of the Modi model of governance.
Modi: Making of a Prime Minister: Leadership, Governance and Performance
The book by Vivian Fernandez is a peak into the political scenario of Gujarat and the way of Modi’s governance from a viewpoint of a liberal Indian. In other words, the book does not take any stand or gives any judgment. Vivian describes the ways in which Modi utilised the opportunity to improve the economic conditions of the people of Gujarat.
The Man of the Moment – Narendra Modi
‘The Man of the Moment: Narendra Modi’ authored by M V Kamath and Kalindi Randeri uncovers the life and the development of a perfect politician who has expanded the boundaries of politics in India. The book unravels the motivations and the astonishing stamina of Narendra Modi to remain firm in the face of criticism.
The NaMo Story: A Political Life
‘The NaMo Story: A Political Life’ by Kingshuk Nag gives a brilliant portrayal of an exceptional politician, Narendra Modi, depicting his journey from a tea vendor’s son to the Chief Minister of Gujarat. The book begins with a short history of the political situation and reforms of the 1990s. It goes on to describe how Modi utilised his administrative skills to build up the Hindutva agenda for the BJP.
Narendra Modi: The Gamechanger
Sudesh Verma’s ‘Narendra Modi – The Gamechanger’ shows Narendra Modi as a game changer who knows how to impress and influence people with his work and turn the tables on his opponents. The book is based on all-inclusive interviews of Modi and his close associates about the things and incidents that shaped his thoughts and actions and the way Modi evolved as a man. An average man can find a reflection of his own struggle in the life of Modi.
Books written by Narendra Modi
‘Jyotipunj’ gives a description of all the people who Narendra Modi believes inspired him and had a strong influence on his work. Modi was associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) initially as a worker and then as a ‘pracharak’. He gives a detailed insight into the life of the people who inspired him. The book also contains a reflection of thoughts of these people.
Abode of Love
‘Abode of Love’ is a compendium of eight short stories written by Narendra Modi. It was written by Modi at a very young age. These stories reveal the sensitive and affectionate aspect of his character. Modi believes that the love of a mother is the source of all love and it is the greatest love. Whatever be the kind of love – of lovers, of friends etc – all are the reflections of a mother’s love. The book unravels the layers of human relationships in a beautiful way.
‘Premtirth’ is a collection of short stories written by Narendrabhai Modi. In this book, he draws a soulful portrayal of motherly feelings in a very simple and yet impressive language.
Kelve Te Kelavani
‘Kelave te Kelavani’ means ‘education is that which nurtures’. The book is a compilation of words of wisdom by Narendra Modi, India’s Prime Minister. The book brings forth his thoughts and his vision to bring about a knowledge revolution in Gujarat. It shows his love for education.
‘Sakshibhav’ consists of a series of letters addressed to Jagat Janani Maa. It describes the journey of inner-self of Narendra Modi and his feelings. The book brings forth the emotional thoughts of Modi at the time of his struggle when he was a worker with RSS.
‘Samajik Samarasata’ is a compilation of Narendra Modi’s articles and lectures. The phrase, “Express your views not just through words but through actions too”, aptly fits this book. The book reflects Modi’s views on social harmony with no discrimination on the basis of castes and unravels many incidents of his interactions with dalits. The life incidents of many social reformers are also narrated.
Interesting Facts about Narendra Modi
- He was born into a family of an oil- pressing community, which is considered as the Other Backward Class(OBC) in India.
- At the age of 17, he left his house and travel to different parts of India.
- Young Narendra Modi often lent his hands to his father’s tea-stall at the Vadnagar Railway Station.
- When his father died of Bone Cancer in 1989, Narendra Modi was on Kailash Mansarover Yatra.
- Narendra Modi was engaged to Jashodeaben at a very young age.
- He doesn’t share his official Residence with any of his family members.
- He undertook a 3- month course in the United States on Image Management and Public Relations.
- After Barack Obama, Narendra Modi is the second most followed leader in the world on Twitter(more than 12 million followers).
- He wears crease-less attires mostly.
- He never took even a single day holiday during his 13-year tenure as the chief minister of Gujarat.
- Narendra Modi and former US President Barack Obama are very good friends.
- He always put his signature in Hindi, whether it is a casual occassion or an official document.
- He is a pure vegetarian and prefers simple food in his meal.
- On 28 September 2014, he received a full-house reception at the Madison Square Garden in New York.
- Narendra Modi is considered as one of the most popular leaders in India who has strong connections with general public. He is often seen breaking the protocol to meet and greet the public.
- In 2016, London’s Madame Tussaud Wax Museum unveiled a wax statue of Modi.
- Modi, as a child, not only supported his family but also extended support to Indian Army soldiers.
- During the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965, he would rush to serve hot masala chai to soldiers when the train would arrive at the local railway station.
- During his school days, PM Modi acted in a number of plays. He was barely 13 or 14 when he enacted a play to raise funds to repair a broken wall of his school in his hometown.
- Inspired by the growing gipsy culture, PM Modi, during his adolescence, spent around two years travelling around India. He returned to Gujarat after visiting various religious centres across the country.
Narendra Modi Social Media Handle
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Besides record-setting followers on Twitter and Facebook, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday acclaimed yet another milestone after his YouTube channel crossed a million subscribers. "Another testimony of the common people's love and affection for Honourable PM Narendra Modi.
Modi led the BJP in the 2014 Indian general election which gave the party a majority in the Indian lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha, the first time for any single party since 1984. He soon became Prime Minister of India.